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A word denoting the active feeling of God against sin, expressing in human categories an important attribute of God: that God is holy and righteous and rejects everything that is not. This rejection manifests itself in actual situations such as the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (Deut 29:23), the chastisement of Moses for his reluctance to obey (Exod 4:14), and even the death of Uzzah for touching with profane hand the Ark of God (2Sam 6:7). The wrath of God is thus a divine reaction to human provocation, not an arbitrary passion or animosity. Even in this reaction God is “slow to anger” (Ps 103:8; Joel 2:13). In the NT, wrath remains an essential part of Paul’s theology: he often mentions that human disobedience and transgression result in the coming of the wrath of God (Rom 1:18; Rom 2:5; Rom 2:8; Rom 5:9; Rom 9:22; Eph 2:3; Eph 5:6; Col 3:6; 1Thess 1:10).