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1 A small state south of Mt. Hermon apparently encompassing the northern half of the Golan Heights, bounded by the other non-Israelite state of the Golan, Geshur, on its south. The Transjordanian tribes of Israel (Reuben, Gad, the half-tribe of Manasseh) failed to conquer Maacah and Geshur (Josh 13:11; Josh 13:13; Josh 12:5; Deut 3:14). Subsequently, the king of Maacah joined the Ammonites and Arameans in their unsuccessful war against David (2Sam 10:6; 2Sam 10:8; 1Chr 19:7). Following its defeat, Maacah probably became tributary to David (2Sam 10:19). Maacah and Geshur were evidently absorbed into the expanding Aramean kingdom of Damascus after the time of Solomon. 2 The concubine of Caleb (1Chr 2:48). 3 The wife of Machir, Manasseh’s son (1Chr 7:15-16). 4 The wife of Gibeon, or Jehiel, one of Saul’s ancestors (1Chr 8:29; 1Chr 9:35). 5 A princess of Geshur who married David and was the mother of Absalom and Tamar (2Sam 3:3). 6 The daughter of Absalom, who became the favorite wife of King Rehoboam and mother of Abijah (1Kgs 15:2; 2Chr 11:20-22), whom Asa finally deposed from her position of queen mother because of her involvement in idolatry (2Chr 15:16). 7 A son of Nahor, Abraham’s brother (Gen 22:24). 8 The father of Achish, king of Gath (1Kgs 2:39). 9 The father of Hanun who was one of David’s warriors (1Chr 11:43). 10 The father of Shephatiah, one of David’s officials (1Chr 27:16).